Shade Sails may have up to a 30′ longest edge on a triangle or 40′ longest edge on a quadrilateral. Larger sails are possible but only with proper design/engineering and patterning. Engineering services, computer patterning, and special high strength fabrics are available.
Long skinny shapes (narrowest edge less than 1/2 the length of the longest edge)
should always be avoided.
A cable to a remote attachment point may extend one corner; otherwise the corners should be fixed directly to a post or an adequate fixing point. Use of extending cables allows the membrane to move too much which increases shock loading and reduces membrane life expectancy.
Flat shapes such as triangles must be canted adequately to keep them from “puddling” during rain. A slope of 1:4 is the recommended minimum. But with larger triangles or
flat sails more slope is even more imperative. Failure to have enough slope will cause puddling and excessive sag which can cause a membrane to fail.
When possible, a twisted shaped is preferred such as a hyperbolic parabola. This
imparts a 3rd dimension of tension into the membrane. Another way to get this 3rd dimension is to have one corner of the quadrilateral much higher then the other corners. (High Point Sail) Membranes with 3 dimensions and are not relying on just edge tension, have a more even distribution of forces. Flat 2 dimensional sails tend to concentrate forces at the corners and edges, A Shade Sail is only as strong as its weakest point. Therefore, a flat 2 dimensional sail is not as strong as a 3 dimensional form and will not last as long when exposed to the same conditions.
All sails should have a recommended 1:4 slope or more. Hyperbolic and “High Point” shaped sails should have height difference that create a minimum 1:4 slope from high to low fixing points. This is the minimum to start getting the 3 dimensional effects and more slope looks and performs better
Sails should not be allowed to stay up in the event of snow. Long-term loading will stretch the fabric. Shade Sails do not shed snow well.
Overlapping sails should have a minimum of 18” of separation to avoid chafe. Movement in high winds can cause close sails to touch and they will suffer chafe damage in a very short time.
When these rules are followed you can expect much less movement of the Shade Sail
and therefore longer life.
It is the installer’s responsibility to understand and follow these rules and recommendations. When these rules are not followed then any warranty given or implied by Shade Sails LLC becomes void.